Types of teen dating violence
Several studies have found that about 20-30% of teens have experienced physical or sexual violence in a dating relationship.
When verbal and emotional violence are included, percentages are much higher.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been a well examined and documented phenomenon in adults; however, there has not been nearly as much study on violence in adolescent dating relationships, and it is therefore not as well understood.
The research has mainly focused on Caucasian youth, and there are yet no studies which focus specifically on IPV in adolescent same-sex romantic relationships.
D., former State Specialist, Human Development and Family Studies, University of Missouri Extension Frequency Dating violence affects many teens today.
Estimates of how many teens experience violence in dating relationships range from 9-82%, depending on whether all forms of dating violence or only incidents of physical violence are counted.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescents is an important realm of study as, in addition to the usual negative effects of abuse, this violence occurs at a critical period in the social and mental development of a person.
This is also an important topic from a gender studies perspective as almost 32% of male adolescents engage in some form of violence, whether sexual, physical or emotional, towards their partners while adolescent violence from females is nearly half of that rate.
Meanwhile, victims of relationship abuse share many traits as well, including: physical signs of injury, missing time at work or school, slipping performance at work or school, changes in mood or personality, increased use of drugs or alcohol, and increasing isolation from friends and family.
Dating violence crosses all racial, age, economic and social lines.
The Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness describes dating abuse as a "pattern of abusive and coercive behaviors used to maintain power and control over a former or current intimate partner." Individuals of all walks of life can find themselves in an abusive relationship.
This abuse/violence can take a number of forms: sexual assault, sexual harassment, threats, physical violence, verbal, mental, or emotional abuse, social sabotage, and stalking.
It can include psychological abuse, emotional blackmail, sexual abuse, physical abuse and psychological manipulation.
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Violent words and actions are tools an abusive partner uses to gain and maintain power and control over their partner.